Dark spots formation is a common skin problem seen the people many young adults. It is also called as hyper pigmentation. When your skin is exposed to the sun, the melanocytes cell production increases resulting in skin darkening. The color of spots may vary from light brown to red or slightly blackish in color. These spots usually tend to appear on various parts of body that are exposed to the sun such as face, back, neck, hands, shoulders and scalp. Dark brown skin patches and freckles are formed due to sun damage. These dark spots are also termed as brown spots, sun spots, age spots, liver spots, aging signs in some cases. These spots make the face look very ugly, and make you feel sheepish.
Major causes that results in the formation of dark spots on face are:
- Exposure of sun
- Genetic disorders / hormonal shifts
- Menopause or pregnancy
- Improper skin care
- Liver problems / weakness
- Hyper pigmentation of the skin
- Lack of some vitamins like Vitamin C or Vitamin B12
There are many treatments available for removing dark spots. One of the treatments is cosmetic treatment (Laser treatment) which is very expensive and may have side effects. Another treatment that helps to remove dark spots naturally is by using home remedies.